Technical and allocative efficiencies among smallholder Tomato farmers in Kajiado County, Kenya

  • S.B. Mibei Department of Agricultural Economics, Kenyatta University
  • I.N. Macharia Department of Agricultural Economics, Kenyatta University
  • G.W. Mwenjeri Department of Agricultural Economics, Kenyatta University

Abstract

The government of Kenya and relevant stakeholders in the agriculture sector have promoted adoption of technologies, innovations and management practices to increase productivity, profitability and sustain tomato production. Despite the efforts, a yield gap exists between the farmers’ actual production levels of 1.9 kg/m² and
the maximum attainable output for tomato crop of 3.07 kg/m2, indicating production inefficiencies in Kajiado County. The objective of this study was to analyze the technical, allocative and economic efficiencies of small-scale tomato farmers in Kajiado County. A total of 150 respondents were selected randomly and proportionately within Kimana and Rombo wards in Kajiado south sub-County. The statistical data analysis was done using STATA version 14, while the Stochastic Production Frontier model was utilized to evaluate efficiencies. The mean technical efficiency was 47.2%, allocative efficiency 75.8% and economic efficiency 35.8%. The
results denote that the primary cause of inefficiency was the failure by tomato producers to maximize on output rather than failure to minimize the cost of production since the mean technical efficiency score was lower than the mean allocative efficiency. The results imply that the smallholder tomato farmers in the study area were not utilizing farm inputs optimally and there is room for improvement in tomato farmer’s technical, allocative and economic efficiencies through intensification
of tomato farmers training in resource utilization.

Published
2022-05-27
How to Cite
Mibei, S., Macharia, I., & Mwenjeri, G. (2022). Technical and allocative efficiencies among smallholder Tomato farmers in Kajiado County, Kenya. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal, 85(1-4), 8. Retrieved from https://www.kalro.org/www.eaafj.or.ke/index.php/path/article/view/516