Analysis of the extent to which climate change impacts Kenyan agribusiness enterprises

  • N.M. Ng’ang’a Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO), Tigoni
  • G. Mwenjeri Kenyatta University, Department of Agricultural Economics, School of Agriculture and Enterprise Development
  • E.K. Bett Kenyatta University, Department of Agricultural Economics, School of Agriculture and Enterprise Development

Abstract

Agribusiness enterprises dependent on the rainfall reliant agriculture and livestock sectors for raw material inputs are expected to be influenced by climate change. This study sought  to  establish  the  presence  and  magnitude of  climate  change  and  its  effects  on  inputs  used  by agribusiness enterprises in two agro-ecological regions, using climate data and expert views. Climate data for the last 40 years was retrieved online, and a questionnaire was used to capture the opinions of 46 county officers on the effects of climate change in the livestock, agriculture and water sectors. In both counties, the Coefficient of Variance (CV) demonstrated a high (> 30%) variability in the rainfall quantity received in each season over the study period. The Kendall-Mann test established the presence of an increasing rainfall trend in Kiambu, the absence of a rainfall trend in Kajiado, and an increasing temperature trend in both Counties. The Relative Importance Index (RII) on expert opinions ranked drought, erratic rainfall and insufficient rainfall as the most likely climate impacts to occur in Kajiado and the impacts having the most significant impact.  In  Kiambu,  erratic  rain  was  most likely to occur, most significant and having the highest consequences.  Agribusiness enterprises  will  thus  be most affected by the erratic supply of inputs from the agriculture, livestock, and water sectors in both Counties and insufficient or no quantities of input in Kajiado County.

Published
2022-05-26
How to Cite
Ng’ang’a, N., Mwenjeri, G., & Bett, E. (2022). Analysis of the extent to which climate change impacts Kenyan agribusiness enterprises. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal, 85(1-4), 10. Retrieved from https://www.kalro.org/www.eaafj.or.ke/index.php/path/article/view/505