This subcomponent finances the development, validation, and dissemination of context-specific TIMPS that deliver CSA triple-wins. TIMPs have been developed and validated through demand-driven adaptive research approaches; and made available for scaling up and dissemination. This subcomponent finances collaborative research programs to develop and promote TIMPs related to five thematic areas:

  • Climate-smart crops;
  • Climate-smart livestock and aquaculture;
  • Socioeconomic research on CSA TIMPs;
  • Land, water, and agroforestry;
  • Sustainable bioenergy, including the charcoal VC.