Natural Resource Management Programme
3.1 Kenya Soil Survey Section
This Section is the knowledge base of the country’s soil resources. Since its inception in 1972, Kenya Soil Survey has been charged with the responsibility of conducting inventories and mapping of land resources (soils, land cover, land use, land degradation, landforms, etc.) with an aim of providing biophysical data and information required for multipurpose and specific land use planning. The Section is also responsible for carrying out research on genesis and classification of the soils of Kenya, as well as developing and managing a national soils and other biophysical databases in a Geographical Information System (GIS). KSS also offers capacity building services on GIS applications, remote sensing and natural resources management.
2 Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition Section
The Section was established in 1924 to deal with soils, land use surveys and irrigation development. Over the years, some of its activities, such as land use surveys and irrigation development were hived off to form other Sections. Currently, the mandate of the Section is to offer sustainable soil management solutions and services to the various stakeholders. Towards this, the Section provides analytical and advisory services to various clients through a fully-fledged ISO-accredited Laboratory for testing soils, plant tissues, fertilizer, manure and irrigation water for agricultural production. In addition, the Section undertakes research activities in the areas of soil chemistry and fertility, crop nutrition, soil biology and good agronomical practices. This is focussed on the development and promotion of strategies for the maintenance and improvement of soil fertility, enhancement of fertilizer use efficiency and the amelioration of soil-based constraints to crop production such as soil acidity, low soil carbon content, nutrient deficiencies, imbalances and toxicities.