Exhibition of indigenous chicken technologies at Nakuru show

Exhibition of indigenous chicken technologies at Nakuru show

4th -9th July, 2016

Introduction

Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research organization (KALRO) in collaboration with partners generate technologies that cover Horticulture, food crops, forage/fodder, industrial crops, livestock germplasm and production technologies amongst others. In partnership with KALRO as an agency, the European Union sponsored Arid and Semi Arid Lands-Agricultural Productivity Research Project (ASAL-APRP) project plays a critical role in development, validation, dissemination and catalyze adoption of the technologies by farmers for improved agricultural productivity in ASAL areas. The ASAL-APRP supported poultry technologies exhibition at Nakuru National A.S.K.  It provided a perfect opportunity to display various indigenous chicken technologies and other related fields by KALRO NRI Naivasha technical team to a wide range of show participants. Exhibitors that participated were from Agriculture, Livestock, Agro and Food Industries, Energy sector, Horticulture, Transport and Communication, Machinery & Farm Equipment, Education and Financial Institutions. Theme of the show was “Enhancing technology in agriculture and industry for food security and national growth”   The objective was to disseminate technologies on improved indigenous chicken to farmers and stakeholders

Methods and approaches

Demonstrations and explanations on the displays were conducted by the team on housing and brooding using the movable housing unit and hay box brooder at technologies outside cubes at KALRO stand demonstration units.

Grading of eggs, hatchery management, brooding, feed formulation and vaccination technologies of KARI improved chicken was demonstrated at technology cubes at KALRO main stand. Selection and breeding technologies were displayed at A.S.K livestock exhibition stand

The variations in indigenous chicken are based on body size, plumage colour, conformation and performance. The same attributes were used in registration of Chicken for exhibition. NRI Naivasha participated in two classes where selection and breeding techniques were displayed.

The country has over 30 million indigenous chicken of which 90% are kept in rural communities at smaller flocks ranging from one chicken to about thitry. They are kept mainly by women and youth. However, farm management skills remain a major challenge to most farmers. The exhibition  provided hands on opportunity for farmers to learn simply brooding techniques and eggs grading. This was aimed at reducing chicks mortality and achieving increased hatchability under natural conditions where birds are allowed to sit on eggs or through the use of  incubators. KALRO has provided farmers with a dual purpose breed benchmarked against productivity capacity especially on increased eggs production and early maturity. The combination of the two traits translate to good profit for farmers leading to improved livelihood. This can be achieved through better feeding, housing and disease prevention to avert  incidenses where farmers loose large number of birds due to poor attention. Good quality feeds is necessary at all stages of production ranging from chick mash, growers mash and layers mash. Farmers were encouraged to periodically take feed samples for laboratory analysis to ascertan the nutritional composition because the quality determines production level and the final outcome of the project. Selection and breeding is equally important for improved productivity.

Exhibition of good housing, disease prevention posters and leaflets to participants. Farmers appreciate KARI Improved Indigenous Chicken on display.

Demonstration of grading of eggs, brooding, feed formulation and vaccination technologies to farmers. Ms Gladys Wangui explains the techonologies