Inadequate and uncoordinated research and developmentof agricultural mechanization-Research and development is key for generating production technologies and innovations in agriculture as well as other sectors of the economy. In Kenya there has been uncoordinated research as well as other efforts in agricultural mechanization coupled with lack of an operating policy to support research. This has led to limited technologies generated from research and therefore no available appropriate technologies.
Small farm size: this is a major issue in agricultural mechanization at the farm level because it is against the principle of “economies of scale.”
Poverty and inaccessibility to credit:Majority of the Kenyan farmers live below the poverty line hence lack the necessary funds needed to purchase or hire the required farm machines that leads to low mechanization.
Appropriate machinery: Even the few farmers who can afford sophisticated farming machines because the equipment are not locally manufactured and the cost of importing them is limits mechanization efforts.
High cost of Farm machinery –Most of crop and livestock production in Kenya is undertaken mostly by small scale farmers. Farm machinery available is medium and large scale farmers, while there is limited machinery for small scale farmers. The machinery available is expensive and therefore unaffordable for the small scale farmers.
Inadequate information on agricultural mechanization-Agricultural mechanization information is inadequate. Research has shown that information disseminated in shows, field days and workshops concentrate on crop agronomy and livestock production. There is need to provide skilled information on agricultural mechanization.
Poor infrastructure:The state of infrastructural facilities in the country is a factor hindering agricultural mechanization.
Literacy levels:Most Kenyan Farmers have low literacy levels making it difficult for them to access or adopt modern farming techniques.