Kenya Cereal Enhancement Programme-Climate Resilient Agricultural Livelihood Window (KCEP-CRAL)



The Kenya Cereals Enhancement Programme (KCEP)--Climate Resilient Agricultural Livelihoods (CRAL) Window (KCEP-CRAL) is a Strategic Government of Kenya (GoK) partnership with European Union (EU) and three Rome-based agencies- International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Food Agricultural Organization (FAO), and World Food Programme (WFP). The Programme is a Private-Public-Partnership (PPP) financed by EU, GoK, Equity and Cooperative Banks, Private Sector, IFAD and beneficiaries/farmers. It focuses on the three leading rain-fed cereals (maize, sorghum and millet) and pulses (beans, cowpeas, green grams and pigeon peas) that account for 95% of the land under food crop production and 70% the value of food crops produced annually. Taken together, these are the crops that determine not only the food security of the nation but also the earnings in the agricultural sector on which three quarters of the country’s population is dependent on for their livelihood.


The overall objective of KCEP-CRAL is to contribute to the reduction of rural poverty and food insecurity of smallholder farmers in the ASALs by: (1). Developing the economic potential of target groups; (2). Improving natural resources management capacity and (3). Building resilience to climate change in an increasingly fragile ecosystem. The Rome-based agencies leverage their comparative advantages to support GoK in graduating farmers from subsistence to commercial agriculture in line with Vision 2030- “….ahighly productive, commercially oriented and competitive agriculture …” at all levels and the current Big Four Agenda (food security; manufacturing, universal healthcare, and affordable housing).


  1. The KCEP-CRAL is being implemented in three regions or 13 counties: Eastern Region (Tharaka-Nithi, Embu, Kitui, Machakos and Makueni). Coast Region (Kwale, Kilifi and Taita Taveta). Western Region (Nakuru, Nandi, Bungoma, Kakamega and Trans Nzoia). It is structured on three technical components and one managerial component. Component 1: Cereal Productivity and Climate-Resilient/Climate-Smart Productivity Enhancement and Natural resource Management (NRM); The Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO) activities fall under this component. Component 2: Post-harvest management and market linkages; Component 3: Financial services and Component 4: Programme management.


  1. The IFAD oversees the Programme on the behalf of the donors, while the State Department for Crop Development is the lead implementing agency. It is assisted by an oversight Programme Steering Committee and the Programme Coordination Unit, with four Offices: Nairobi (National Office) housed by Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO), KALRO-Kabete; Kilifi (Coast Regional Office) housed at KALRO-Mtwapa; Embu (Eastern Regional Office) at Siakago and Nakuru (Western Regional Office).


The Programme is being implemented by various partners that include:

  1. 13 County Governments;

  2. The Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO);

  3. Agricultural Market Development Trust (AGMARK);

  4. Centre for Training and Integrated Research in ASALs Development (CETRAD);

  5. National Drought Management Authority (NDMA);

  6. Kenya Meteorological Department (KMD);

  7. Equity Bank Limited/ Equity Group Foundation;

  8. Cooperative Bank of Kenya and

  9. Eastern Africa Grain Council (EAGC).


  1. One soil fertility management curriculum and training materials on three soil fertility management to be developed by March 2019

  2. Three fertilizer experiments protocols for crops targeted by the programme developed.

  3. One soil sampling protocol detailing standard methods for soil sampling process, including equipment, numbers of samples, sampling depth, handling and packing and developed.

  4. One map for characterization of the project sites including climate, soil, liming requirements and crops information to be developed by march 2019

  5. Conduct 8 County meetings in both Eastern and Coastal regions to undertake an inventory of farming technologies/technical packages by end of 2018

  6. Conduct 8 County meetings to define and validate the e-voucher technical packages from the inventory of technical packages by march 2019

  7. Training of 80 Master of trainers on crop technical packages

  8. Training of 816 Value Chain stakeholders to provide agricultural services and inputs:

  9. Training of 300 extension workers and lead farmers on climate resilient/NRM technologies who will in turn capacity build farmers.

  10. Conduct one meeting to compile climate resilient/NRM extension materials and guidelines

  11. Conduct one meeting to compile extension materials on selected technologies for targeted value chains

  12. Develop, update and disseminate 100,000 extension materials (including climate-resilient/NRM extension materials) on selected technologies for targeted value chains

  13. Conduct 150 on-site trials and demonstrations from 8 KCEP-CRAL Counties in both Eastern and Coast regions

  14. Conduct 8 County Identification and capitalisation meetings

  15. 75 Percentage of extension service providers with enhanced skills


The KCEP-CRAL uses an innovative electronic voucher to issue farmers with subsidized inputs: seeds, fertilizers, pesticides; post-harvest management inputs (tarpaulins, and hermetic bags); conservation agriculture and insurance services; Farmers contribute in a graduated model: Year 1=10%; Year 2= 40%; Year 3=70%, for the value of the e-voucher (Figure 1). KCEP-CRAL supports cereal and legume crop combinations; maize and beans; sorghum/maize/millet and green grams or cowpeas or pigeon peas. It provides capacity building in agronomy, post-harvest management, natural resource management (NRM) and investments in community assets to increase productivity and enhance resilience to climate change



Two categories of farmers are the target beneficiaries. Category I- subsistence farmers producing food for household subsistence, supported for market-oriented farming while Category II are the smallholders producing a surplus for marketing and are engaged in commercial-oriented farming. The emphasis is to assist 50% of female farmers and youths that are a resource-constrained target group. It applies a value-chain, nutrition-sensitive approach to implementation (cereals-legume intercrop applying strip cropping). KCEP-CRAL aims at assisting an overall target: 185,000 farmers of which 100,000 are from the ASALs.

Click on this link to access the KCEP-CRAL Manuals