Research on animal diseases in East Africa started in 1938 with establishment of a Central Veterinary Research Institute at Kabete. In 1949, all the animal diseases research for East Africa were moved to a new site at Muguga. Construction of the Centre was completed in 1954 and named the East African Veterinary Research Organisation (EAVRO) under the auspices of the East African Common Services Organisation (EACSO) which later became the East African Community (EAC) until 1977. The collapse of the EAC in 1977 meant the EAVRO became the Veterinary Research Department (VRD) within the Ministry of Agriculture, Kenya The Science and Technology (Amendment) Act CAP 250 of 1979 but whose commencement was backdated to 1977 amalgamated VRD and the former East African Agricultural and Forestry Research Organisation (EAAFRO) to form the now defunct semi-autonomous Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) Subsequently the institute was reorganised in 1986 to incorporate all research centres dealing with agricultural and livestock research in the then Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development.
The Birth of KALRO
In August 2014 the new Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Act of 2013 was operationalized and the Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO) took the place of KARI. •The centre remained but it also became the headquarters of the Veterinary Science Research Institute one of the 16 institutes of KALRO.