Introduction to storage

Storage systems
Storage

This involves the preservation of paddy for sometime awaiting to be sold if at farmers’ level or for milling at a Miller premise. The best type of bags to be used for storage is jute (sisal type)The preservation at the Miller is done by fumigation to prevent infestation of weevils.

Characteristics of good storage
•    Well ventilated
•    Well roofed-no leaking roof
•    Secured to prevent theft and entry of rodents
•    Spacious to hold enough paddy and allow aeration of air

Period for storage
Paddy is give at least three (3) months as curing period before milling.

For Basmati enough period is given for good development of aroma but should not extent beyond five years because Basmati has the tendency of again loosing aroma when it over stays.

Pre-planting

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Seeds of high quality should be true to its kind or variety, contain a minimum of impurities and have high establishment rates in the field. The main criteria for describing seed quality can be considered under the following:

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Growth

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There are five parts in understanding good land preparation. These components are an understanding of the:

  1. role of tillage and land leveling in land preparation
  2. reasons why good land preparation is important

Postharvesting

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Guidelines to proper harvesting:

  • Harvest at the right time with the right moisture content;
  • Avoid delays in threshing after harvesting;
  • Use proper machine settings when using a threshing machine;
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