Water management in rice production

I.0  Water requirement of upland rice
Synchronize peak water regimes with crop establishment, reproductive and ripening phases
The requirement for NERICA varieties is 25mm every five days.
For irrigated rice the level of water depends on crop growth.

Water requirements of irrigated
Puddling water level 10cm Transplanting water level is 3cm,  Tillering stage 3cm,  Panicle initiation and flowering 5-10cm depend on the height of the variety, Repening stage  drain the field.

2.0 Sound water management for upland rice
Synchronize peak water regimes with crop establishment, reproductive and ripening phases

3.0 Coping with water scarcity
Supplimental irrigation, planting at the onset of rains in western and Coastal regions.

4.0. e –water management.
Synchronise water application based on crop water requirement














Pre-planting

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Seeds of high quality should be true to its kind or variety, contain a minimum of impurities and have high establishment rates in the field. The main criteria for describing seed quality can be considered under the following:

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Growth

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There are five parts in understanding good land preparation. These components are an understanding of the:

  1. role of tillage and land leveling in land preparation
  2. reasons why good land preparation is important

Postharvesting

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Guidelines to proper harvesting:

  • Harvest at the right time with the right moisture content;
  • Avoid delays in threshing after harvesting;
  • Use proper machine settings when using a threshing machine;
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