About crops department
Crop production plays an important role in Kenya's economic development as a major source of income, employment creation and saving on foreign exchange expenditure through import substitution. This sub-sector is a major occupation of the rural population and accounts for a large share of the total agricultural output. The Crops sub-sector provides national food and nutritional security and income generation through local and export markets. This sub-sector plays a significant role in the delivery on the Millennium Development Goals of reducing poverty and hunger, as well as meeting the aspirations encapsulated in various Kenya Government policy documents such as Vision 2030 (GoK, 2008) and the Agriculture Sector Development Strategy (2009-2014). Currently the annual crop production stands at 6 million tons of food crops, 4.2 million tons of horticultural crops and 500,000 tons of industrial crops, all supporting 10 million households. Crop diseases, pests and weeds greatly reduce the potential of these crop categories in quality and quantity. Currently, losses due to these constraints are estimated at 40%. Efforts to increase production and reduce these losses take cognizance of the need to conserve the environment.