The Biotechnology Research Institute (BioRI) is one of the institutes established under the KALR Act No. 17 of 2013. The institute headquarters is on the campus of the defunct Kenya Trypanosomiasis Research Institute (KETRI). KETRI was established in 1977 to undertake research on tsetse and trypanosomiasis, following the collapse of the East African Community, and subsequent dissolution of the East African Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Research Organization (EATRO). KETRI was later merged with Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) and renamed Trypanosomiasis Research Centre (KARI-TRC) in 2003, and later renamed BioRI in 2013. BioRI is mandated to undertake research to generate and promote biotechnology knowledge, information and technologies for increased productivity and competitiveness in the agricultural sector.