The KALRO Apiculture Research Institute is a leading institution created under the Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Act of 2013. The Institute's main focus is to support the apiculture sub-sector through use of best practices. Improvement and commercialisation of apiculture will contribute towards food and nutrition security and increase income.

The apiculture industry has been constrained by destruction of natural habitats, insufficient research on beekeeping technologies and honeybee biology, ineffective pest control and lack of coordination among various actors.