KALRO - Ol Joro Orok Products
Sale of certified seeds and clean planting materials at KARI-OL JORO OROK
We wish to announce to farmers availability of certified seeds as well as Clean Planting materials for sale during this planting season. Sales are on first come first served basis but equity and consideration is taken into account when selling to small and large scale farmers.
a) Certified Seeds
1 HAC (High Altitude Composite) maize –KOPV2
HAC maize is an open pollinated maize variety suitable for the high altitude areas that are usually characterized by low temperatures and occasional frost. Its novelties include: maturity within 140-160 days, average yields of 1.4 tons per acre, and fairly tolerant to low temperatures compared to hybrids developed for the same altitudes. HAC maize has long stems making it an excellent silage crop that provides a lot of biomass for ensiling.
Package: seeds are packed in 1, 2 and 5kg packs.
Price: ksh 180 per kg
b) Clean Planting Material
1 Napier canes (kakamega 1 & 2)
Mature canes of Napier grass varieties Kakamega 1 & 2 is available for planting during the onset of rains. The varieties are resistant to head smut disease which is characterized by early flowering with smutted heads (black spores), stunted plants with thin leaves and stems and eventually the tillers dry up. Spacing of 1x1 meter is recommended. Generally, about 4,000 canes of 3 internodes planted at an angle of 45 degrees to the surface are needed for one acre.
Price: (unsprouted) ksh 3.00 per cane
(rooted and sprouted) ksh 5.00 per cane
2 Sweet Lupin seeds
Sweet Lupin is a legume crop whose grain is used as a protein supplement in dairy feeds. Stubble is also grazed by animals or ploughed back as humus to improve soil fertility. Lupin grain is rich in crude protein which is a major limiting nutrient in animal feeds. Lupins grow well in all bean growing areas of the country including the cold highlands where common beans do not perform very well. They take about 150 days to mature and with good husbandry yields of one ton per acre are feasible. Seed rate is 15 – 20 kg/acre at a spacing of 30 x 45 cm. The seeds are treated for protection against soil borne diseases and in particular against fungal infection.
Package: 1, 2 and 5 kg
Price: ksh 300 per kg
3 Tagasaste (common name –tree Lucerne)
Tagasaste or tree Lucerne is perennial fodder shrub that grows well in mild temperate climates. It provides good feed for livestock from its leave meal - Crude Protein 18-25%, a good wind breaker, a farm hedge and a good supply of fire wood. As a legume it enriches soil and controls soil erosion. It’s very prolific and can produce an average of 10 tons of leave dry matter per hectare per year, Seed rate- about 100gms / Ha and spacing of 1 x 2 meters, soak seeds in water for 24-48 hours before planting. Seeds can be planted directly or grown in a nursery and then transplanted to the field.
Recommended supplementation at 15 to 30 % of the total animal feed, or about 500 tree shrubs /cow /year would be sufficient to provide this meal. It takes about 10-12 months to mature.
Package: 100 gms
Price: ksh 200 per sachet of 100gms
Price: ksh 20
4 Vetch (common purple) legume seeds
Vetch is a climber legume that is self-reseeding and grows very well in cool areas with fertile soils. Very prolific and grows as a pure stand and or in association with grasses and cereals like oats and barley to make an excellent mixed ley for the animals. Its average crude protein content is 19 – 22 %. Seed rate is 4-5 Kg/acre broadcasted or drilled. It takes about 120- 150 days to mature for hay making or grazing.
Package: Available in 250gms, 500gms and 1 kg pack.
Price: ksh 1000 per kg
5 Desmodium vines
Desmodium is a climbing perennial legume that has deep roots and long stems that grow freely and roots at the nodes. It can grow in areas of low temperatures and can be mixed with Napier and Kikuyu grasses. The silver leaf can withstand frost better than the green leaf. Desmodium vine cuttings or root splits are the easiest to grow. About 4000 pieces of cuttings or vines can be planted in one acre. Spacing: A spacing of 1ft by 1ft for cuttings is recommended. Yield: One acre of desmodium can produce between 5 to 8 tons of dry matter per year. Feed value: Crude Protein 15-20 %, Dry Matter 20-26%, Crude Fibre 25-30%.
Price: (unsprouted) ksh 3.00 per vine
(rooted and sprouted) ksh 5.00 per vine
6 Sesbania seeds
Sesban is a fast-growing, perennial legume tree, reaching a height of up to 8 m. It has a high percentage of foliage nitrogen and is an excellent supplement to protein-poor roughage in ruminant diets. The ruminants readily eat leaves and young branches. Crude protein content ranges from 25-30% of DM. Seed production can be as high as 1-2 t/ha. Very susceptible to insect attack and should not be stored for more than 1 year.
Price: ksh 2,000 per kg
Price: ksh 20 per seedling
Brachiaria is a perennial tropical forage with productive lifespan of about 20 years. This native African grass is well adapted to drought and low fertility soils. Other attributes of brachiaria grass includes high dry biomass production, high nutritive value, deep and large root system, efficient user of nitrogen fertilizer, mitigates greenhouse gas emission, and increase livestock productivity. Plant the brachiaria root splits on each hill at a spacing of 50 cm between rows and 25 cm within rows. For proper establishment plant at the onset of rains or irrigate if the rains are scarce. A total of 64,000 to 96,000 root splits are required per acre. The crude protein content of brachiaria grass ranges from 9-20%.
Price: ksh 5.00 per split
8 sweet potato vines
Sweet potato is a perennial plant mainly grown as an annual. The roots are adventitious, mostly located within the top 25 cm of the soil. While the tubers are the main agricultural product derived from the sweet potato crop, the vegetative parts are a very valuable feed for livestock. Sweet potato vines and foliage can be fed to cattle. It may be fed fresh, dried or ensiled, and makes a very palatable silage. Huge amounts of sweet potato foliage are produced during tuber harvesting and the vines decay in 2 or 3 days. When animals cannot consume the forage in such a short time, it may be possible to dry or ensile it using low-cost methods. Sweet potato vines DM 15.9%, CP 14.9%
Price: ksh 3.00 per vine
Sale of breeding rams- Hampshire Down
The Hampshire Down is a terminal sire breed. Hampshire sired lambs are easy-care with easy lambing. The lambs are quick to suckle and robust, with tight skins making them hardy from a very early age. They will finish quickly on grass with no concentrates. The carcass is well fleshed with one of the highest eye muscle scores of any breed. The Hampshire Down ram is long lived and vigorous and is able to cover a good number of ewes each season. It is suited to flocks of both large and small.
Hampshire Down rams leave cross-bred lambs demonstrating: average 0.380kg Daily Live Weight Gain (DLWG); average 14 weeks finish off milk; hardiness – ability to thrive in extremes of climate; easy to lamb and lively lambs
To grow the crop, one ploughs the land to a fine tilth. Apply 25kg of fertilizer per acre over the prepared land and plant seeds. Nitrogen is the most yield limiting factor in oats. A soil test is always recommended to allow growers to accurately calculate the amount of nitrogen they need to apply. Water availability is crucial to oat yield and is closely tied to the nitrogen rate. Oats helps the soil to rejuvenate and increases humus. Once harvesting is done, leave the oat stumps in the ground to increase the air capacity in the soil and transform into humus through decaying. Rust is the most common disease affecting the crop.
KALRO bottled water
The centre has sufficient water for this venture and rolled out its first batch for sale to the market in February 2017. We are KEBS certified and we adhere to the standards and general guidelines set out for hygiene requirements in the food and drink manufacturing industry. The centre has acquired standardization mark permit after paying the required fees. Our standard mark number for KALRO water is SM♯28237. We currently have 500ml, 1 litre, 5 litre, 10 litre and 20 litre packs.
Yoghurt processing in the Centre started in Mid-2014 and has grown steadily over the years. The Centre has acquired KEBS standardization certificate and our standard mark number for yoghurt is SM♯23409. The Centre also provides pasteurization services to milk traders at a fee through reference from the regional Kenya Dairy Board (KDB) office. We currently have 250ml, 500ml, 1 litre, 2 litre, 3 litre and 5 litre on order.
Pond culture is the most popular method of growing tilapia in the world. They are grown in fertilized ponds where the fish utilize natural foods from ponds. One month-old, 1-gram fry are stocked at 1 to 3 per square meter into and grown for about 4 to 5 months. In cold areas where the water temperatures are low and therefore slow growth, tilapia might not reach marketable sizes in that period. Supplemental feeds with 25 to 32 percent protein are generally used. The average harvest weight is about 250 grams, and total production about 0.25 Kgs/sq m for a stocking rate of 1 fish/m2. Higher stocking densities can be employed to achieve higher production but must be combined with better management. Expected survival is about 80 percent.
African catfish has faster growth rate and grows to heavy weights of up to 5kg. Ponds should be shallow (about 0.5m deep). The bottom should have a slope with a drop of 2cm for every 1m long. The slope should be gentle to achieve proper drainage. Catfish feed on a wide range of foods, including: food remains, worms and algae. Protein is the key component when it comes to achieving the desired weight. Feeds rich in protein such as cotton seed cake should also be included. Expected survival is about 70-80 percent.
KENYA AGRICULTURAL LIVESTOCK RESEARCH ORGANISATION
KALRO- OL JORO OROK
P.O. PRIVATE BAG, OL JORO OROK
TEL.PHONE 0710 854357